This year, the first day of Sukkot coincides with Shabbat. Two commandments animate the festival of Sukkot – living in the Sukkah and shaking the arbat minim – four species. On Shabbat we continue to live in the Sukkah but take a pause from shaking the arbat minim. To explain this difference, many reasons are offered. One is that shaking the arbat minim in different directions is akin to our own efforts in the present moment, whereas sitting in the Sukkah represents the culmination of past effort. Shabbat is meant to be effortless, it represents the culmination of what we’ve achieve – so Shabbat we sit in the Sukkah but don’t shake the arbat minim.