Jacob used different methods to meet Esau: he sent gifts to appease him, he prepared for war, and he prayed. Malbim wonders whether all this was necessary since God had already promised Jacob: And, look, I am with you and I will guard you wherever you go, and I will bring you back to this land, for I will not leave you until I have done that which I have spoken to you. Malbim points out that only after he recognized his own fear, did Jacob make an elaborate plan: And the messengers returned to Jacob, saying, “We came to your brother, to Esau, and he is actually coming to meet you, and four hundred men are with him.” And Jacob was greatly afraid, and he was distressed…To Jacob, fear was a sign that his faith was lacking and in such a state one cannot rely on God’s promise. Jacob was greatly afraid, and he was distressed – he was distressed, Malbim explains, because he realized he would need to take care of himself.