The Book of Ruth tells the story of three widows: Naomi and her two daughters-in-law, Ruth and Orpah. Whereas Orpah goes on her way to a new life, in an act of selfless kindness Ruth converts and stays with her unfortunate mother-in-law. David emerged from Ruth and so the book concludes with his pedigree. Who emerged from Orpah? The giant Goliath the Philistine – the same Goliath who challenged Israel, and was beaten by David, so says a rabbinic tradition. There are many ways to be brave and years later the selfless kindness of Ruth reappears as the fearless heroism of David.